How Much Do You Know About Our Presidents?
September 28th, 2012 by Ruralite

A quiz to test your knowledge of presidential trivia

The White House originally was called the President’s House and the Executive Mansion. In 1901, President Theodore Roosevelt signed an executive order officially naming it “The White House.” Photo courtesy of Library of Congress

The White House originally was called the President’s House and the Executive Mansion. In 1901, President Theodore Roosevelt signed an executive order officially naming it “The White House.” Photo courtesy of Library of Congress

Questions

1. Which president is considered the father of the U. S. Constitution?
John Adams
James Madison
Thomas Jefferson
John Quincy Adams

2. Who was the only president to pay off the national debt of the United States?
Andrew Jackson
William Taft
Franklin Roosevelt
Bill Clinton

3. Which president was the first to donate his salary to charity while in office?
Herbert Hoover
John Kennedy
Jimmy Carter
George W. Bush

4. Who was the only president to be elected by a unanimous vote of the Electoral College?
George Washington
Andrew Jackson
Abraham Lincoln
Rutherford Hayes

5. Who was the only president to be elected to two nonconsecurive terms?
Martin Van Buren
John Tyler
Benjamin Harrison
Grover Cleveland

6. Which president was also the first vice president to temporarily serve as acting president under the 25th Amendment?
Theodore Roosevelt
Harry Truman
Gerald Ford
George H.W. Bush

7. Which president served the shortest term in office?
William Harrison
James Garfield
William McKinley
Warren Harding

8. Which president served the longest term in office?
James Monroe
William Taft
Franklin Roosevelt
Ronald Reagan

9. Which president did William Seward serve under at the time he initiated the purchase of the Alaska territory?
James Buchanan
Abraham Lincoln
Andrew Johnson
Ulysses Grant

10. Which president attended the U.S. Naval Academy and served in the Navy aboard submarines?
Dwight Eisenhower
Jimmy Carter
Ronald Reagan
George H.W. Bush

11. Who was the only president to serve in office with a musket ball in his shoulder?
George Washington
James Monroe
Ulysses Grant
Chester Arthur

12. Who was the first president to have his photo taken at the White House, while in office?
John Quincy Adams
John Tyler
James Polk
Zachary Taylor

13. Which president and some of his cabinet helped fight the fire that destroyed two-thirds of the Library of Congress in 1851?
Zachary Taylor
Millard Fillmore
Franklin Pierce
James Buchanan

14. Which president created the Environmental Protection Agency?
John Kennedy
Lyndon Johnson
Richard Nixon
Gerald Ford

15. Which president led the effort to create the League of Nations, the predecessor of the United Nations?
Woodrow Wilson
Warren Harding
Calvin Coolidge
Herbert Hoover

16. Who was the first sitting president to visit the West Coast?
Thomas Jefferson
William Harrison
Abraham Lincoln
Rutherford Hayes

17. Who was the first president to hold a news conference in the White House, as well as the first to appear on color television?
Harry Truman
Dwight Eisenhower
John Kennedy
Lyndon Johnson

18. Who is the only president to be named a Rhodes Scholar?
Theodore Roosevelt
Gerald Ford
Bill Clinton
Barack Obama

Answers:

1. James Madison is referred to as the father of the U.S. Constitution because of his writings and fervent devotion to the document’s ratification.
2. Andrew Jackson was the only president to pay off the national debt of the United States.
3. Herbert Hoover was the first of two presidents to donate his salary to charity. John Kennedy was the other.
4. George Washington was the only president to be elected by a unanimous vote of the Electoral College.
5. Grover Cleveland was the only president to be elected to two nonconsecutive terms. He was elected first in 1884 and then again in 1892.
6. While serving as vice president to Ronald Reagan, George H.W. Bush was acting president for nearly eight hours while President Reagan underwent surgery on July 13, 1985.
7. William Harrison served the shortest term. He died only one month after taking office.
8. Franklin Roosevelt served the longest term in office. He was elected four times and held office for 12 years, 42 days.
9. Secretary of State William Seward purchased the Alaska territory while a member of President Andrew Johnson’s cabinet.
10. Jimmy Carter graduated the U.S. Naval Academy and served aboard submarines from 1948 to 1952.
11. James Monroe was wounded in the shoulder at the Battle of Trenton in 1776. The musket ball was never removed.
12. James Polk was the first president to have his photograph taken at the White House, while in office.
13. According to recent research by scholar Catherine Parisian, Millard Fillmore and members of his cabinet helped fight the fire that destroyed two-thirds of the Library of Congress in 1851.
14. Richard Nixon created the Environ-mental Protection Agency in 1970.
15. Woodrow Wilson led the effort to create the League of Nations, in large part because he believed it would help divert another world war. Regrettably, it did not achieve that end.
16. In 1880, Rutherford Hayes was the first sitting president to visit the West Coast.
17. Dwight Eisenhower was the first president to hold a news conference in the White House and the first to appear on color television.
18. Bill Clinton is the only president who was a Rhodes Scholar.

There are many excellent websites with information about American presidents, including those maintained by the presidential libraries and National Archives. Two other websites used for this quiz were http://www.millercenter.org/president and http://www.ourwhitehouse.org/presfacts.html.