All in the Family
August 25th, 2016 by Drew Myron
At their home in White Salmon, Washington, the Hoyt family shows essential tools of the trade. From left, Krista with a McLeod, Daryl with a pick mattock and Pulaski, and Avery with a sledgehammer.

At their home in White Salmon, Washington, the Hoyt family shows essential tools of the trade. From left, Krista with a McLeod, Daryl with a pick mattock and Pulaski, and Avery with a sledgehammer.

Avery Hoyt doesn’t remember a single moment of his first venture into the woods: not the 10-mile trek into old-growth forest, not the cold journey over a 6,000-foot pass and not the two weeks huddled in a tent.

Avery doesn’t recall any of his time in North Cascades National Park, because he was just 16 days old.

Avery’s mother, Krista Thie, had just given birth when work called. She and her husband, Daryl Hoyt, swaddled the baby and hiked into the woods.

For the family of professional trail builders who live in White Salmon, Washington, this was just another day at the “office.”

Three decades later, they still work in remote places with difficult access. Founded in 1979, Twin Oaks Construction is one of the oldest trail-building companies in the Northwest. The family has built and improved more than 50 wilderness trails, with most of them in Oregon and Washington.

“They have done work on trails, trail bridges and other trail structures that is unequaled in the world,” says Michael Passo, executive director of the Professional TrailBuilders Association. “Quality trail construction requires a specialized set of skills that other types of construction companies simply do not have. The only way to get these skills is through extensive experience and collaboration with other quality trail builders.”

Their work typically includes building new trails, bridges and stairs, as well as maintaining existing paths and structures.

Daryl, Krista and Avery are the core of this niche business, but they often bring in friends and family to help.

“I never imagined this would turn into a business,” says Krista, a botanist, who grew up hiking with her family in and around Whidbey Island.

“We favor difficult and challenging projects,” says Avery, 32. “We’re interested in making the natural world accessible for everyone.”

The trio often hikes 10 to 20 miles just to get to the work. Sometimes the site is inaccessible by foot, and they must ferry crew and equipment across water. Such was the case with the Lake Chelan, Washington, project, an effort that consumed two seasons and experienced 16 inches of snow in mid-September.

“That was a rude awakening,” says Daryl, who comes from tough stock. His father was a logger and his grandfather ran a lumber mill.

Adding to the remote access is the challenge of working in difficult terrain. Every project is compact and requires small equipment. Because hauling heavy gear long distances is impossible, every tool is chosen—or custom-made—for size and efficiency.

“The power wheelbarrow is the backbone of the trail business,” Avery says.
Narrow and hydraulic, with a 1,000-pound capacity, the wheelbarrow is essential to haul rock, compressors and tools.

In wilderness areas where chainsaws are prohibited, “old-fashioned” hand tools are essential: a crosscut saw, pick mattock, McLeod and Pulaski.

Armed with these essentials, the crew adds its own strength, endurance and experience to drill rock, haul gravel, cut roots and remove fallen logs.

To keep the project moving, the family stays as close to the work site as possible, usually camping in tents and trailers. They typically stick with a project until completion. That means sleeping under the stars and beneath the rain—for weeks and sometimes months—on end.

There is one thing Daryl does not want to hear: “You build trails? That must be fun!”

For this work, he says, you must be physically fit, willing to work in the woods for three and four months at a stretch—without internet, phone, friends or conveniences—and endure bug bites, heavy rains and early snow.

“When you’re out working weeks and weeks, it has a special quality to it,” Daryl says. “The woods become your home. But when the snow is crushing your tent, and the rain is measured in inches, you have to take the outdoors as it comes.”

The test, Daryl says, is, “Can you keep a chainsaw running in the rain?”

“It’s construction work,” says Avery. “But it’s family from the start.”

Avery was just a child when he joined the team. Krista’s father was 97 when he joined them on a project

“As a society, we don’t have a lot of opportunity to do something physical together,” Daryl says. “It’s really special to have a sense of doing something together.”

Now, after 36 years, Daryl and Krista are ready to share the business they have honed. They are handing shovels and saws to Avery.

“It’s really special,” Avery says. “And it’s a lot of responsibility.”

As trails have improved and use has expanded to include cyclists and other recreationalists, the Twin Oaks team is happy to see more people than ever have opportunities to enjoy nature.

“I had tears at Lake Serene,” Krista says, referring to a project an hour outside of Seattle, in Washington’s Mount Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest. “To see so many people go up those 600 steps we built, there’s something so satisfying.”